Latest Articles

Low haemoglobin in the elderly – physiological or pathological?

The World Health Organisation suggests normal haemoglobin is above 120 g/l in females and 130 g/l in males. Notwithstanding minor differences in reference ranges used by different laboratories because of different testing platforms, up to 26% of males and 20% of females older than 85 will be anaemic based upon the WHO diagnostic thresholds. It is likely this number will increase into the future.... Read More...

Testosterone to prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus in at-risk men

Middle-aged and older men who are overweight, tend to have lower testosterone levels. This is associated with higher incidence of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Obesity and medical co-morbidities contribute to the decline in testosterone levels. A review and meta-analysis of observational studies, found that men with testosterone levels ≥15.6 nmol/L had a 42% reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, compared to those with testosterone levels ≤15.5 nmol/L.... Read More...