Clinical Articles

Recognising and tackling unconscious bias in clinical medicine

Unconscious cognitive processes influence, shape and alter human behaviour, beliefs and attitudes. With no conscientious thinking, we archive and recover information to decipher and decode contexts, people and their behaviours. Preconceived notions influence our judgments resulting in bias. The term ‘bias’ refers to both tacit stereotypes and prejudices that mostly arise from the subconscious mind.... Read More...

Biopsy diagnosis of bladder cancer in managing frequently occult urological malignancy

Urological malignancies have a high incidence among newly diagnosed cancers annually in Australia with prostate (55.9/100,000), kidney (14.4/100,000) and bladder (9.3/100,000) featuring high on the list. The focus on prostate cancer results in bladder cancer often being overlooked as significant contributor to the urological-based disease mortality and morbidity.... Read More...